Skip to Content


This study included adults (over the age of 18 years) who consented to participate in this research. Spouses, ex-spouses, partners, children, siblings, parents (biological, step, or foster), other family members, or close friends of a service member who died while serving in the military or as a result of their military service were included. Participants needed to understand written and spoken English, and had to have both an active email account as well as regular and consistent access to a personal computer and/or smartphone devi